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Tire Damage

Lets begin by saying that you will need to replace tires a few times over the life of your vehicle. Despite advances in longer-lasting tires, actual tread life will vary by car type, tire type (such as all-season or high-performance), driving aggressiveness, and even road and weather conditions.

car maintenance

What damages tires?

There are many factors that can cause damage to your vehicle’s tires. Aside from the driver’s habits and road conditions there are a number of other factors that could determine the lifespan of your tires a few are mentioned below.

  • Potholes, obstacles, curbs ,sharp objects, speed bumps

  • Extreme temperatures

  • Oil, grease and other chemicals

  • Strong sunlight

  • Speeding

  • Quick starts and emergency braking

  • Driving on damaged roads

  • Failure to notice a change in handling, noise or vibration

  • Improper Air pressure

  • Bad Alignment

  • Not Rotating tires

  • Improperly installed tires

  • Improper use of sealants

  • Using summer tires on snow and ice

  • Mixing tire types (different treads and sizes)

  • Using tires on damaged wheels

  • Using rim sizes that are not compatible

  • Reflating a tire that has been run flat or seriously under inflated

  • Prolonged use of a spare tire of a different size at speeds in excess of 50 mph

  • Bad suspension

Types of damages:

Cupped/ Cupping

Cupped of scalloped dips around the surface of the thread

Under inflation/ Shoulder wear

The result of low tire pressure, overloading a vehicle or the use of undersized tires

Over Inflation/ Center wear

Typically due to over inflating beyond the tire manufacture specifications. Can also be caused by mounting over-sized tires on narrow rims.

Feathered Wear / Feathering

Can be caused by hard driving, could be caused by bad sway bar links or springs. Can also be avoided by using high performance tires.

Edge wear / Camber wear

May be caused by an improperly aligned tire. Surface of the tire is not touching road surface evenly. Can also be caused by bad springs.

Brake or skid marked

Causes flat spots when skidding when braking from high speeds. Can also be caused by tire sitting in oil or chemicals.

How do I inspect my tire?

1- Check your air pressure. It’s quick and can prevent many problems. Do it once a month.

2- Check the tread wear with one of the three methods

With a tread depth gauge

With the tread wear indicators

With the penny test

One easy way to check for wear is by using the penny test. All you have to do is grab your spare change and follow these easy steps.

-Take a penny and hold Abe's body between your thumb and forefinger. Select a point on your tire where tread appears the lowest and place Lincoln's head into one of the grooves. If any part of Abe Lincoln's head is covered by the tread, you're driving with the legal and safe amount of tread.

-If your tread gets below that (approximately 2/32 of an inch), your car's ability to grip the road in adverse conditions is greatly reduced.

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